Just a few short years ago there was a massive panic over the concept of a "spectrum crunch," where fixed and mobile wireless broadcasters would compete over airwaves to either provide customers mobile Internet access, or to provide radio, broadcast television, and aviation communications.

One of these industries is a rapidly growing market, taking up to 80% of capacity on any given day and is increasing in demand. That industry is, of course, mobile data.

Fortunately a good deal of wireless carriers, as MIT Technology Review highlights, made deals, bought spectrum, and delayed the "spectrum crunch" for the time being with technology called "small cells." 

Small cells allow mobile operators to improve wireless coverage, increase data capacity and offload large amounts of network data at a relatively low cost. The technology is critical in city and urban areas, and it helps to reach out and connect rural towns, and has still to hit its prime. It's one of the main reasons why networks can use the LTE (News - Alert) spectrum, and yet it still has a major problem. 

That problem comes in the form of backhaul — the transmitting data which lets mobile users access the Internet to watch videos and browse websites — and its capacity.

According to a study by Infonetics (News - Alert), it's estimated that mobile backhaul will drive a roughly $5 billion market. That market is set to explode in 2016, that same year that it is expected to be the time when small cells boom in much of North America in order to keep up with mobile data demands.

One solution is being proposed by two companies: Tessco (News - Alert) Technologies and BLinQ Networks Inc. The two companies paired up to create and distribute the X-100, a point-to-multipoint system capable of operating over full 50 MHz in the 3.65 GHz spectrum. The system is self-configuring and uses interference management technology to boost capacity and reliability of wireless backhaul in non-line-of-sight conditions. 

And non-line-of-sight ability is important: most small cells are sited low to the ground and out of sight of macro cells. Being able to reliably transfer data in non-line-of-sight conditions is a must.

Edited by Ashley Caputo