5 new members begin to serve in UN Security Council
UNITED NATIONS, Jan 01, 2013 (Xinhua via COMTEX) --
Luxembourg, South Korea and Rwanda, the five new non-permanent
members of the 15-nation UN Security Council, on Tuesday began to
serve their two-year terms.
The new Council members were elected by the UN General Assembly
on Oct. 18, 2012.
The five represent different geographical groups -- two from
Africa and the Asia-Pacific region, one from Latin America and the
Caribbean, and two from the group of West European countries and
Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa ended their
terms in the Council on Monday. The five other temporary members
that will remain through 2013 are Azerbaijan, Guatemala, Morocco,
Pakistan and Togo.
Under the UN Charter, the Security Council, the most powerful
UN body, has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of
international peace and security.
The Council has 15 members: five permanent -- China, France,
Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States -- and 10
non-permanent members elected by the UN General Assembly for
Each member has one vote. Decisions on procedural matters are
made by an affirmative vote of at least nine of the 15 members.
Decisions on substantive matters require nine votes and the
absence of a negative vote by any of the five permanent members.
Under Article 25 of the UN Charter, all members of the United
Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the
Security Council. While other organs of the United Nations make
recommendations to member states, the Council alone has the power
to take decisions which member states are obliged under the
Charter to implement.
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