As the Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, opens its public viewing platform, here are the landmarks to look out for, plus the favourite London haunts of writers, musicians and comedians: Photograph by Will Pearson/willpearson.co.uk
(Guardian (UK) Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Battersea Power Station
Completed 1933 (A station) &
1955 (B station) 112m high
Architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott
Decommissioned by 1983, but remains in the public imagination because of appearances in popular culture - most famously, on the cover of Pink Floyd's
1977 album Animals.
Imperial War Museum
Completed 1812 43m high
John Gandy, James Lewis
The London branch of the museum has occupied this site in Lambeth since 1936. Formerly the building was used by the Bethlem hospital to house patients diagnosed
with mental illnesses.
Completed 1963 118m high
Ronald Ward & Partners
Best known for its political associations: Labour ran its
victorious 1997 election
campaign from there,
and since 2007 it has
been the campaign
HQ for the Conservative
The Elizabeth Tower
Completed 1859 96m high
Better known as Big Ben, which is actually the name of the clock's bell. It was renamed after the Queen in honour of her Diamond Jubilee in 2012.
The London Eye
Completed 1999 135m high
David Marks, Julia Barfield
The London Eye gives spectacular views for visitors in its 32 10-tonne capsules, which take about 30 minutes to complete one revolution. Until 2006 it was the largest Ferris wheel in the world.
Bankside open 1952; as Tate Modern 2000 99m high
Designed Sir Giles Gilbert Scott; repurposed Herzog & de Meuron
Formerly Bankside Power Station, this modern art museum drew a record 5.3m visitors in 2012 to its galleries and five-storey turbine hall. To the right you can see the circular roof of Shakespeare's Globe, a reconstruction of the famous theatre.
Rebuilt 2007 133m high
Foster + Partners; HOK Sport
The national stadium for the England football team features an arch with a 315-metre span, the largest single-span roof structure in the world.
Royal Courts of Justice
Opened 1882 75m tall
Begun 1705 24m tall
Rebuilt 1929 67m tall
New Royal London hospital
Cost pounds 650m; opened 2012. Has distinctive blue cladding
As you've never seen it
An augmented-reality panorama of London
from the Shard guardian.co.uk/interactive
Opened 1965 189m high
GR Yeats and Eric Bedford
The tallest building in London when it opened as the General Post Office Tower. Its once-famous microwave satellite dishes have been removed due to advances in fibre optic transmission technology. It was the tallest building in London until 1980.
Completed 1933 43m high
A neoclassical art deco building overlooking Blackfriars bridge which was built to house the headquarters of soap manufacturing company Lever Brothers, which became Unilever in 1930. The building was refurbished in 2004, retaining original fittings and adding a roof garden.
St Paul's Cathedral
Completed 1710 111m high
Sir Christopher Wren
A St Paul's has existed on the site since the 7th century. The present cathedral was built after the previous one
during the Great
Fire of London.
Acquired as public land between 1871 and 1928 (Kenwood House)
A 790-acre green space which has been attracting thousands of day trippers since the 18th century. It offers one of the best views of London, from Parliament Hill.
Completed 1982 123m high
Chamberlin, Powell and Bon
The Brutalist architecture of the Barbican, with its three residential towers, is grade II-listed. It was constructed between 1965 and 1976, and the Barbican Centre opened in 1982 as a cultural and entertainment hub.
Opened 1667 61m high
Sir Christopher Wren,
The Monument was built to commemorate the Great Fire of London in 1666. The column is 202ft high, the distance to Pudding Lane where the fire started.
The Shard, which opens to the public today, is the second-highest building in Europe after Moscow's Mercury City tower, which was also topped out last year. It contains a viewing platform, apartments, office space and restaurants.
Opened 2006 43m tall
Lee Valley reservoir chain
13 reservoirs in east London
Crystal Palace TV mast
Built 1956 219m tall
Serves 12m viewers
(c) 2013 Guardian Newspapers Limited.
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