Electronic Intensive Care Units (eICUs) Effective in Providing Remote Care
CHICAGO, IL, Oct 27, 2013 (Marketwired via COMTEX) --
An eICU uses telecommunications technology to diagnose and treat
patients in the ICU remotely. Using two-way cameras, video monitors,
microphones, and alarms to provide round-the-clock care for patients
in ICUs, eICUs can provide care to patients in multiple hospitals,
using the skills of intensive care physicians, called intensivists,
and intensive care nurses.
Researchers at Northside Medical Center in Ohio studied results of
interactions with 2,537 patients admitted to ICUs over a period of 2
years. Of these interactions, 1,310 patients were without eICU
monitoring and 1,227 were monitored with eICU in addition to in-house
monitoring of medical staff.
The eICU used intensivists and other health-care providers to give
continuous monitoring and management from a remote location in two
adult ICUs of a 375-bed community teaching hospital in the United
States. Results were taken on the rate of falls, incidences of code
blues, mortalities, and length of stays between the two periods
before and after implementation of the eICU.
Specific outcomes encountered by patients with normal vs eICU
monitoring showed code blues 54 vs 39, falls 1 vs 0, and overall
mortality 90 vs 77. The median length of stay was 3.1 days without
eICU monitoring and 3 days with eICU monitoring.
"Provision of high level intensive care in remote locations is
challenging and e-ICU offers a unique approach to addressing this
need," said Curtis Sessler, MD, FCCP and president-designate of the
ACCP. "While the favorable trends in selected outcomes were
encouraging, larger and more comprehensive studies are needed."
CHEST 2013 is the 79th annual meeting of the American College of
Chest Physicians, held October 26-31 in Chicago, Illinois. The ACCP
is the global leader in clinical chest medicine, representing 18,700
members who provide patient care in the areas of pulmonary, critical
care, and sleep medicine in the United States and throughout the
world. The mission of the ACCP is to promote the prevention,
diagnosis, and treatment of chest diseases through education,
communication, and research. For information about the ACCP, visit
the ACCP website at www.chestnet.org, or follow the ACCP on Facebook
and Twitter and the meeting hashtag, #CHEST2013.
SOURCE: American College of Chest Physicians
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