SUBSCRIBE TO TMCnet
TMCnet - World's Largest Communications and Technology Community

TMCNet:  U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Arizona (Nov. 16)

[November 16, 2012]

U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Arizona (Nov. 16)

(Targeted News Service Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Targeted News Service Targeted News Service ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- The following federal patents were awarded to inventors in Arizona.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Apparatus and Method to Store Information ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,311,663) developed by fie co-inventors for an "apparatus and method to store information." The co-inventors are Nils Haustein, Zornheim, Germany, Craig A. Klein, Tucson, Ariz., Ulf Troppens, Mainz, Germany, Josef Weingand, Bad Bayersoien, Germany, and Daniel J. Winarski, Tucson, Ariz.


The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method to store data is disclosed. The method provides a plurality of data storage media, an automated data library comprising one or more data storage devices, a first plurality of storage cells, and a robotic accessor. The method further provides a storage vault comprising a second plurality of storage cells but no data storage devices. The method selects the (i)th data storage medium and sets the (i)th data state, where that (i)th data state is selected from the group consisting of online, offline, and vault. If the method sets the (i)th data state is set to online, then the method mounts that (i)th data storage medium in one of the data storage devices. If the method sets the (i)th data state to offline, then the method removeably places the (i)th data storage medium in one of the first plurality of storage cells. If the method sets the (i)th data state is set to vault, then the method places the (i)th data storage medium in one of the second plurality of storage cells." The patent application was filed on Aug. 31, 2005 (11/219,451). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,311,663&OS=8,311,663&RS=8,311,663 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Honeywell International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Honeywell International, Morristown, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,311,697) developed by Elliott H. Rachlin, Scottsdale, Ariz., for an "impact assessment system and method for determining emergent criticality." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An impact assessment system and method for determining emerging criticality in a complex system is provided. The impact assessment system includes a component dependency model and an emergent criticality analyzer. The component dependency model describes the relationships between components in the system and their underlying dependency and criticality relationships. The impact assessment system receives component failure data from the complex system and uses the component dependency model and emergent criticality analyzer to determine the impact of the component failure on the criticality of remaining components in the system. The impact assessment system is thus able to determine how component failures in the complex system can impact the criticality of remaining components in the complex system and thus can assist in determining how those components may or may not be safely used in further operational activities." The patent application was filed on July 27, 2004 (10/901,385). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,311,697&OS=8,311,697&RS=8,311,697 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** McAlister Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- McAlister Technologies, Phoenix, has been assigned a patent (8,311,723) developed by Roy Edward McAlister, Phoenix, for "pressure energy conversion systems." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present disclosure relates generally a fuel injector configured to inject fuel into a combustion chamber. The fuel injector includes a body having a base portion opposite a nozzle portion, wherein the base portion is configured to receive the fuel into the body, and the nozzle portion is configured to be positioned adjacent to the combustion chamber. The fuel injector also includes a valve assembly carried by the base portion of the body. The valve assembly may have a first valve coupled to a first actuator and a second valve coupled to a second actuator. The fuel injector further includes an igniter carried by the nozzle portion of the body and configured to ignite the fuel in the combustion chamber." The patent application was filed on Feb. 4, 2011 (13/021,658). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,311,723&OS=8,311,723&RS=8,311,723 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Honeywell International Assigned Patent for Apparatus and Method for System Identification and Loop-shaping Controller Design in a Process Control System ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Honeywell International, Morristown, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,311,653) developed by four co-inventors for an "apparatus and method for system identification and loop-shaping controller design in a process control system." The co-inventors are Charles Q. Zhan, Chandler, Ariz., Sachindra K. Dash, Scottsdale, Ariz., J. Ward MacArthur, Scottsdale, Ariz., and Konstantinos Tsakalis, Chandler, Ariz.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "One method includes obtaining a preliminary model associated with a system to be controlled and constructing a weighted model using one or more weighting factors. The method also includes identifying a final model of the system using the preliminary and weighted models, where the final model has a stability margin that is greater than an uncertainty associated with the final model. The method further includes controlling the system using a controller designed based on the final model. Another method includes identifying a first model associated with a system to be controlled, performing model order reduction to identify a second model, and controlling the system using a controller designed based on the second model. Performing the model order reduction includes reducing a weighted coprime factor model uncertainty between the first and second models." The patent application was filed on Feb. 8, 2008 (12/028,208). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,311,653&OS=8,311,653&RS=8,311,653+ Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Freescale Semiconductor Assigned Patent for Method and Apparatus to Receive Location Information in a Diversity Enabled Receiver ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Freescale Semiconductor, Austin, Texas, has been assigned a patent (8,310,362) developed by nine co-inventors for a "method and apparatus to receive location information in a diversity enabled receiver." The co-inventors are Norman Beamish, Cork, Ireland, Wayne Edwards, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Aidan Murphy, Cork, Ireland, Hugh O Brien, Cork, Ireland, Conor O'Keeffe, Cork, Ireland, Patrick Pratt, Mallow, Ireland, David Redmond, Cork, Ireland, Daniel B Schwartz, Scottsdale, Ariz., and Keith Tilley, Tempe, Ariz.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method of processing location information on a mobile device which includes a primary receiver for receiving a primary signal; a diversity receiver for receiving a diversity signal or location information; a diversity combiner which can combine primary and diversity signals to form a combined signal; and a first processing unit for processing the combined signal; the method comprising the steps of: identifying whether the device is in a location mode or a diversity mode; if the device is in location mode, disabling the diversity combiner; passing the output from the primary receiver directly to the first processing unit; and passing location information from the diversity receiver to a location processing unit." The patent application was filed on March 26, 2007 (12/532,753). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,310,362&OS=8,310,362&RS=8,310,362 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Comtech EF Data Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Comtech EF Data, Tempe, Ariz., has been assigned a patent (8,310,315) developed by Chris Mamaril, Mesa, Ariz., Tiberiu Artzi, Cave Creek, Ariz., and Terry Richmond, Scottsdale, Ariz., for a "frequency reference signal generating system and method for frequency synthesizers." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system for generating a frequency reference signal comprising an oscillator, a direct digital synthesizer coupled to the oscillator and configured to receive a signal output from the oscillator, a digital to analog converter coupled to the direct digital synthesizer and configured to receive a sampled signal from the direct digital synthesizer and to convert the sampled signal to an analog waveform, and a bandpass filter coupled to the digital to analog converter and configured to select an aliased output signal from the digital to analog converter at a Nyquist zone other than a first Nyquist zone and to output the frequency reference signal." The patent application was filed on Sept. 9, 2010 (12/878,908). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,310,315&OS=8,310,315&RS=8,310,315 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Honeywell International Assigned Patent for Method and Apparatus for Displaying Prioritized Photo Realistic Features on a Synthetic Vision System ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Honeywell International, Morristown, N.J., has been assigned a patent (8,310,378) developed by John G. Suddreth, Cave Creek, Ariz., for a "method and apparatus for displaying prioritized photo realistic features on a synthetic vision system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An apparatus and method for displaying photo realistic features (230, 232, 234) on a display (116) of an aircraft (218) include storing (302) a plurality of photo realistic features (230, 232, 234), the photo realistic features including at least one of terrain (230) and obstacle (232) features. A priority factor is determined (304) that is based on one of, for example, aircraft type, speed, and altitude, and a plurality of display state is prioritized (304) for each of the plurality of photo realistic features (230. 232, 234) in accordance with the priority factor. One of the first and second display states is displayed (308) for each of the plurality of photo realistic features (230, 232, 234) as determined by the prioritizing step (306)." The patent application was filed on Oct. 20, 2008 (12/254,614). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,310,378&OS=8,310,378&RS=8,310,378 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Method for Storing Data for Retrieval and Transfer ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,312,063) developed by David Maxwell Cannon, Tucson, Ariz., Donald Paul Warren Jr., Tucson, Ariz., and Howard Newton Martin, Tucson, Ariz., for a "method for storing data for retrieval and transfer." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Provided is a method, system and program for storing data for later retrieval and for transfer within a storage hierarchy. A data storage subsystem stores both individual user files and also managed files, each managed file comprising an aggregation of multiple user files. After receiving user files from a client station, the subsystem stores user files in a retrieval storage pool to facilitate file retrieval. Criteria are subsequently applied to the user files stored in the retrieval storage pool to delete low or lower priority files from the retrieval storage pool. In addition, user files are aggregated in managed files for transfer to another location within the storage hierarchy." The patent application was filed on July 21, 2008 (12/177,078). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,312,063&OS=8,312,063&RS=8,312,063 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** ZymoGenetics Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- ZymoGenetics, Seattle, has been assigned a patent (8,309,692) developed by six co-inventors for "antibodies to cytokine receptor ZCYTOR17." The co-inventors are Cindy A. Sprecher, Hereford, Ariz., Scott R. Presnell, Tacoma, Wash., Zeren Gao, Shanghai, China, Theodore E. Whitmore, Redmond, Wash., Joseph L. Kuijper, Kenmore, Wash., and Mark F. Maurer, Seattle.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Novel polypeptides, polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides, and related compositions and methods are disclosed for zcytor17, a novel cytokine receptor. The polypeptides may be used within methods for detecting ligands that stimulate the proliferation and/or development of hematopoietic, lymphoid and myeloid cells in vitro and in vivo. Ligand-binding receptor polypeptides can also be used to block ligand activity in vitro and in vivo. The polynucleotides encoding zcytor17, are located on chromosome 5, and can be used to identify a region of the genome associated with human disease states. The present invention also includes methods for producing the protein, uses therefor and antibodies thereto." The patent application was filed on April 20, 2011 (13/090,316). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,09,692.PN.&OS=PN/83,09,692&RS=PN/83,09,692 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** General Dynamics C4 Systems Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- General Dynamics C4 Systems, Scottsdale, Ariz., has been assigned a patent (8,311,035) developed by Dan Bossler, Chandler, Ariz., Elizabeth Marie Raslavsky, Chandler, Ariz., and Nicole Marie Loomis, Fountain Hills, Ariz., for "methods and apparatus for communicating internet protocol based control signaling through a communications system." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An embodiment of a method for communicating call control signaling information in a communications system that includes a user equipment (UE) and a base includes the UE formatting the call control signaling information, transmitting the call control signaling information over a first logical channel that is mapped to a first transport channel, and transmitting user traffic over a second logical channel that is mapped to a second transport channel. In an embodiment, the base receives the call control signaling information from the UE over the first logical channel, receives the user traffic from the UE over the second logical channel, and transmits the call control signaling information to a core network. In an embodiment, the communication system is an IP network in which information is exchanged between the UE and the base using a W-CDMA transmission protocol. The base may form a portion of a satellite-based radio network." The patent application was filed on Sept. 30, 2008 (12/241,474). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,11,035.PN.&OS=PN/83,11,035&RS=PN/83,11,035 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Oracle International Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Oracle International, Redwood Shores, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,312,053) developed by Nathan Reynolds, Mesa, Ariz., for a dynamic atomic arrays.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Embodiments of the present invention provide techniques, including systems, methods, and computer readable medium, for dynamic atomic arrays. A dynamic atomic array is a data structure that provides an array that can grow or shrink in size as required. The dynamic atomic array is non-blocking, wait-free, and thread-safe. The dynamic atomic array may be used to provide arrays of any primitive data type as well as complex types, such as objects." The patent application was filed on Sept. 11, 2009 (12/558,340). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,312,053&OS=8,312,053&RS=8,312,053 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Motor Patent Licensors Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Motor Patent Licensors, Wheat Ridge, Colo., has been assigned a patent (8,310,126) developed by five co-inventors for a "radial flux permanent magnet AC motor/generator." The co-inventors are Thomas H. Hopkins, Vail, Colo., Nicholas R. Bries, Pine Grove, Colo., Scott T. Graham, Littleton, Colo., Howard F. Hendricks, Prescott, Ariz., and Patrick J. Stoever, Lakewood, Colo.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A radial flux permanent magnet AC motor/generator employs a flat circular stator plate having a plurality of separately-formed electromagnets mounted in a ring pattern on a top surface thereof. A circular flux ring fabricated of powdered metal is mounted to the stator plate outside the ring of electromagnets. A plurality of permanent magnets are mounted in a ring pattern on the outer cylindrical surface of a steel rotor. The stator plate and rotor are axially and diametrically aligned such that the ring of permanent magnets rotates in close proximity to and inside the ring of electromagnets. The electromagnets utilize powder metal cores shaped to have rounded corners and flat sides that permit the use of heavier gauge windings and eliminate the air gaps that exist between the core and windings of prior art electromagnets." The patent application was filed on Oct. 27, 2011 (13/317,760). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,310,126.PN.&OS=PN/8,310,126&RS=PN/8,310,126 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,311,408) developed by four co-inventors for a "method and apparatus for end of life of small form-factor pluggable (SFP)." The co-inventors are Tara Astigarraga, Vail, Ariz., David Franklin DeHaan, Tucson, Ariz., Louie Arthur Dickens, Tucson, Ariz., and Omolaoye Olatunde-Bello, Tucson, Ariz.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method, system and computer-usable medium are disclosed for visually indicating the remaining life of a small form factor pluggable (SFP) optical transceiver module. The total number of optical light pulse signals processed by an SFP are compared to a predetermined lifecycle number of signals that can be processed before the SFP enters a failed operating state. The remaining life of the SFP is calculated. A first display visually indicates that the total number of processed signals has not exceeded the lifecycle number of signals. A second display located on the SFP enclosure visually indicates the SFP has reached the end of its lifecycle." The patent application was filed on July 16, 2008 (12/174,012). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,311,408.PN.&OS=PN/8,311,408&RS=PN/8,311,408 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Freescale Semiconductor Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Freescale Semiconductor, Austin, Texas, has been assigned a patent (8,311,495) developed by George B. Norris, Gilbert, Ariz., and Joseph Staudinger, Gilbert, Ariz., for an "incident and reflected signal phase difference detection." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Embodiments include methods and apparatus for detecting a phase angle between an incident signal and a reflected signal. The apparatus comprises a plurality of phase shifters and additional circuitry. The plurality of phase shifters is adapted to apply first phase shifts to a representation of the incident signal and to apply second phase shifts to a representation of the reflected signal. The additional circuitry, which is operatively coupled to the plurality of phase shifters, is adapted to produce a first indication of a location of a relative phase difference between the incident signal and the reflected signal within a first region of a first reference circle, and to produce a second indication of the location of the relative phase difference within a second region of a second reference circle, wherein the second reference circle is rotated with respect to the first reference circle." The patent application was filed on April 27, 2012 (13/457,874). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,311,495.PN.&OS=PN/8,311,495&RS=PN/8,311,495 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Texas Instruments Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- Texas Instruments, Dallas, has been assigned a patent (8,310,109) developed by Vadim V. Ivanov, Tucson, Ariz., for a "power management DC-DC converter and method for induction energy harvester." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system for managing AC energy harvested from a harvesting device (1) including a coil (4) including switching circuitry (S1-S4) coupled between first (7A) and second (7B) terminals of the coil. The switching circuitry includes first (S1), second (S2), third (S1), and fourth (S4) switches. A switch controller (17) closes the second and fourth switches to allow build-up of current (I.sub.Lh) in the coil, opens one of the second and fourth switches, and closes a corresponding one of the third and first switches in response to the built-up inductor current reaching a predetermined threshold value (I.sub.hrv) to steer the built-up inductor current through the corresponding one of the third and first switches to a current-receiving device (24 and/or R.sub.L, C.sub.L)." The patent application was filed on Jan. 28, 2010 (12/657,820). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,310,109.PN.&OS=PN/8,310,109&RS=PN/8,310,109 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** National Semiconductor Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Nov. 16 -- National Semiconductor, Santa Clara, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,310,284) developed by Karl Richard Heck, Phoenix, for a "high-voltage gate driver that drives group III-N high electron mobility transistors." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A Group III-N high electron mobility transistor is driven by a high-voltage gate driver that limits the gate-to-source voltage across the transistor by controlling the maximum charge that can be placed on a boot strap capacitor that charges up the gate of the transistor to turn on the transistor." The patent application was filed on Jan. 7, 2011 (12/987,019). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,310,284.PN.&OS=PN/8,310,284&RS=PN/8,310,284 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

For more information about Targeted News Service products and services, please contact: Myron Struck, editor, Targeted News Service LLC, Springfield, Va., 703/304-1897; editor@targetednews.com; http://targetednews.com.

-1105583 (c) 2012 Targeted News Service

[ Back To Technology News's Homepage ]

OTHER NEWS PROVIDERS







Technology Marketing Corporation

800 Connecticut Ave, 1st Floor East, Norwalk, CT 06854 USA
Ph: 800-243-6002, 203-852-6800
Fx: 203-866-3326

General comments: tmc@tmcnet.com.
Comments about this site: webmaster@tmcnet.com.

STAY CURRENT YOUR WAY

© 2014 Technology Marketing Corporation. All rights reserved.