Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Florida: New Source; Review Prevention of Significant Deterioration: Nitrogen Oxides as a Precursor to Ozone
Jun 15, 2012 (Environmental Protection Agency Documents and Publications/ContentWorks via COMTEX) --
SUMMARY: EPA is taking final action to approve changes to the Florida State Implementation Plan (SIP), submitted by the Florida Environmental Protection (FDEP), through the Division of Air Resource Management, to EPA in two separate SIP revisions on October 19, 2007, and July 1, 2011. These SIP revisions modify Florida's New Source Review (NSR) Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program to address requirements promulgated in the 1997 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) Implementation Rule NSR Update Phase II (hereafter referred to as the "Ozone Implementation NSR Update" or "Phase II Rule") recognizing nitrogen oxide (NOX) as an ozone precursor, among other requirements. In addition, both SIP revisions make clarifying and corrective changes to Florida's regulations. EPA is approving both SIP revisions because the Agency has determined that the changes are in accordance with the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act) and EPA regulations regarding NSR permitting.
DATES: Effective Date: This rule will be effective July 16, 2012.
ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket Identification No. EPA-R04-OAR-2012-0166. All documents in the docket are listed on the www.regulations.gov web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., Confidential Business Information or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Regulatory Development Section, Air Planning Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW., Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, excluding federal holidays.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information regarding the Florida SIP, contact Ms. Twunjala Bradley, Regulatory Development Section, Air Planning Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, 61 Forsyth Street SW., Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. Telephone number: (404) 562-9352; email address: firstname.lastname@example.org. For information regarding NSR, contact Ms. Yolanda Adams, Air Permits Section, at the same address above. Telephone number: (404) 562-9214; email address: email@example.com. For information regarding 8-hour ozone NAAQS, contact Ms. Jane Spann, Regulatory Development Section, at the same address above. Telephone number: (404) 562-9029; email address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Table of Contents
II. This Action
III. Final Action
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
EPA is taking final action to approve changes to the Florida SIP such that it is consistent with federal requirements for NSR permitting. On October 19, 2007, and July 1, 2011, /1/ FDEP submitted revisions to EPA for approval into the Florida SIP to adopt federal requirements for NSR permitting promulgated in the Phase II Rule. Florida's October 19, 2007, SIP revision makes changes to the State's air quality regulations at Chapter 62-210, Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.), Stationary Sources--General Requirements, Section 200--Definitions (rule 62-210.200), and Chapter 62-212, F.A.C., Stationary Sources--Preconstruction Review, Section 400--Prevention of Significant Deterioration (rule 62-210.400). Florida's July 1, 2011, SIP revision also makes changes at Chapter 62-210, F.A.C., to adopt PSD provisions promulgated in the Phase II Rule. Specifically, both SIP revisions amend the State's PSD regulations to establish that PSD permit applicants must identify NOx as an ozone precursor as established in the Phase II Rule. Lastly, both SIP revisions make clarifying and corrective changes to Florida's rules at Chapters 62-210 and 62-212, F.A.C. Pursuant to section 110 of the CAA, EPA is approving these changes into the Florida SIP. EPA notes that Florida's October 19, 2007, SIP submission makes clarifying changes to rule 62-212.400(11), F.A.C., regarding applicable public participation requirements for PSD permitting. However, because Florida's subsequent July 1, 2011, SIP revision made subsequent revisions to this public participation provision, EPA is not taking action to approve Florida's October 19, 2007, revision to rule 62-212.400(11), F.A.C. EPA is taking final action to approve the subsequent July 1, 2011, clarifying amendments to rule 62-212.400(11), F.A.C. into the Florida SIP.
FOOTNOTE 1 Florida's July 1, 2011, SIP revision also makes additional changes to Chapters 62-210, 212 and 296, F.A.C. which will be addressed in a separate rulemaking. END FOOTNOTE
On April 5, 2012, EPA published a proposed rulemaking to approve the aforementioned changes to Florida's NSR PSD program. See 77 FR 20582. Comments on the proposed rulemaking were due on or before May 7, 2012. No comments, adverse or otherwise, were received on EPA's April 5, 2012, proposed rulemaking. EPA is now taking final action to approve the changes to Florida's NSR PSD program as outlined in EPA's April 5, 2012, proposed rulemaking. A summary of the background for today's final actions is provided below.
a. Phase II Rule
With regard to the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS, /2/ EPA's Phase II Rule, finalized on November 29, 2005, addressed control and planning requirements as they applied to areas designated nonattainment for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS such as reasonably available control technology, reasonably available control measures, reasonable further progress, modeling and attainment demonstrations, NSR, and the impact to reformulated gas for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS transition. See 70 FR 71612. The NSR permitting requirements established in the rule included the following provisions: Recognizing NOX as an ozone precursor for PSD purposes; changes to the nonattainment new source review (NNSR) rules establishing major stationary thresholds (marginal, moderate, serious, severe, and extreme nonattainment classifications) and significant emission rates for the 8-hour ozone, PM10 and carbon monoxide NAAQS; revising the criteria for crediting emission reductions credits from operation shutdowns and curtailments as offsets, and changes to offset ratios for marginal, moderate, serious, severe, and extreme ozone nonattainment.
FOOTNOTE 2 On July 18, 1997, EPA promulgated a revised 8-hour ozone NAAQS of 0.08 parts per million--also referred to as the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS. On April 30, 2004, EPA designated areas as unclassifiable/attainment, nonattainment and unclassifiable for the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS. In addition, on April 30, 2004, as part of the framework to implement the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS, EPA promulgated an implementation rule in two phases (Phase I and II). The Phase I Rule (effective on June 15, 2004), provided the implementation requirements for designating areas under subpart 1 and subpart 2 of the CAA. See 69 FR 23951. END FOOTNOTE
The Phase II Rule made changes to federal regulations at 40 CFR 51.165 and 51.166 (which govern the NNSR and PSD permitting programs respectively). Pursuant to these requirements, states were required to submit SIP revisions adopting the relevant federal requirements of the Phase II Rule (at 40 CFR 51.165 and 51.166) into their SIP no later than June 15, 2007. Florida's October 19, 2007, and July 1, 2011, SIP revisions adopt the relevant provisions at 40 CFR 51.66 into the Florida SIP to be consistent with federal regulations for NSR PSD permitting requirements promulgated in the Phase II Rule with minor variations. States may meet the requirements of 40 CFR part 51 and the Phase II Rules with alternative but equivalent regulations. As part of its analysis of Florida's October 19, 2007 and July 1, 2011, SIP revisions, EPA conducted a thorough review of the State's submittals including those provisions that differ from the federal rules (specifically the term "regulated NSR pollutant" at 40 CFR 51.166(b)(49)). EPA determined that Florida's term "PSD pollutant" /3/ is equivalent to the federal PSD definition "regulated NSR pollutant" and consistent with the program requirements for NSR, set forth at 40 CFR 51.166 related to the relevant revisions amended in the Phase II Rule. For more detail on Florida's equivalent PSD provisions for the definition of "regulated NSR pollutant" related to the Phase II Rule, please refer to EPA's proposed rulemaking at 77 FR 20584 (May 5, 2012). See also 73 FR 36435 (June 27, 2008).
FOOTNOTE 3 On June 27, 2008 (73 FR 36435), EPA took final action to approve a February 3, 2006, Florida SIP revision to adopt the provisions promulgated in the 2002 NSR Reform Rule. See 67 FR 80186. In the June 27, 2008, final rulemaking, EPA approved Florida's definition of "PSD Pollutant" as an equivalent to the federal term "regulated NSR pollutant" into the Florida SIP. As part of its February 3, 2006, SIP revision to adopt the NSR Reform provisions, Florida provided an equivalency demonstration that addressed how the State's definition of "PSD pollutant" was comparable to the federal term "regulated NSR pollutant." EPA's June 27, 2008, rulemaking also conditionally approved portions of Florida's PSD program that were not consistent with federal PSD regulations (including the definition for significant emissions rate). On June 17, 2009, in response to the conditional approval FDEP submitted a SIP revision to revise portions of its PSD program to be consistent with the federal PSD regulations. EPA took final action to approve this revision on April 12, 2011, which converted the State's PSD program from conditional to full approval. See 76 FR 20239. END FOOTNOTE
b. Florida's Clarifying Changes and Corrections
--This is a summary of a Federal Register article originally published on the page number listed below--
CFR Part: "40 CFR Part 52"
Citation: "77 FR 35862"
Document Number: "EPA-R04-OAR-2012-0166; FRL-9687-1"
Federal Register Page Number: "35862"
"Rules and Regulations"
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